Book, Journal, or Magazine Article
When the author of the source is quoted or mentioned in the text:
When the author of the source is parenthetically referenced:
When there are two authors:
Author is quoted or mentioned in text:
(Morenson and Relin 155)
Multi-volume reference book:
If you are using one volume from a multi-volume set, the number of the number of the volume is already indicated in the reference list and you may site the document as you would a single book.
If you are borrowing from more than one volume from the same set, then the in-text citation must provide both the volume number and page number(s).
Author is quoted or mentioned in text, spell out 'volume':
In volume 5, Taruskin states this outright (337).
Parenthetically referenced, abbreviate 'vol':
(Taruskin, vol. 58, 337).
When a work is listed by title on the Works Cited page:
Author is quoted or the author is mentioned in text:
Printouts from the Web (including HTML articles)
If the document does not have page or paragraph numbers, do not include them in the parenthetical citation. Do not include URL's in text. Instead just name the author in text.
When the author of the source is mentioned in the text:
When the author of the source is not mentioned in the text: If you do not have an author's name for your web printout you can use a parenthetical reference with a shortened version of the document tile.
Book with one author:
Book with two authors:
Book with three or more authors:
Howe, Roger J., et al. Quality on Trial. West Publishing Company, 1993.
Reference book (for example, a print encyclopedia):
When the reference book is part of a multi-volume set and you use one volume:
When you use two or more volumes from the same set:
An introduction, preface, foreword, or afterword:
A short story or poem:
A work in an anthology:
An eBook from EBSCOhost:
An eBook from Google Books:
An eBook downloaded from a Kindle or Nook:
Photocopy from a print journal:
Photocopy from a print magazine:
If the magazine you are citing is published every week or every other week, give the complete date in the citation. If not, you need the month and year.
Online journal printout:
Make a note of which database you are searching and the date you accessed the information since you will need to include this information in your reference list.
Bathgate, Meghan E., and Christian D. Schunn, et al. "Children's Motivation Toward Science Across Contexts, Manner Of Interaction,
And Topic." Science Education vol. 98, no.2, March 2014, pp. 189-215. PsycINFO, doi:10.1002/sce.21095.
Elliott, Katrina, and Anne Pillman. "Making Science Misconceptions Work for Us." Teaching Science: The Journal of the Australian
Science Teachers Association vol. 62 no.1, March 2016, pp. 38-41. Academic Search Premier, carlow.idm.oclc.org/login?
Reference database such as Issues and Controversies, CQ Researcher, etc.:
Clark, Charles A. “The FBI under Fire: How Serious Are the Bureau’s Recent Problems?” CQ Researcher, vol. 7, no.14, 11 April 1997,
pp. 313-336. library.cqpress.com/ cqresearcher/cqresrre1997041100.
"Charlotte Perkins Gilman." Britannica Academic, Encyclopedia Britannica, 30 Sep. 2016.
Journal article free on web:
Magazine or journal article without page numbers:
No publisher or sponsor listed on a website:
Only the first page of a magazine or journal article is listed:
Add a plus sign so that the reader knows it is more than one page (27+).
Publishers names are shortened:
Omit articles (a, an, the) and only use the surname if the publisher is a person (ex. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. -- Macmillan;).
Use standard abbreviation whenever possible:
The National Education Assocation -- NEA. Academy -- Acad.
A journal is divided into new series or original series:
"ns" for new series and "os" for original series, which are listed after the journal name (not in italics).
A newspaper with a special edition listed on the masthead:
Add a comma after the date and identify the edition (ex. New York Times 26 Aug. 2009, late ed.).
Editor or compiler of a book:
Identifying information listed after their name and is preceded with a comma (ex. Dudley, William, ed.).
Second of subsequent book editions:
Listed after the title (ex. Fundamentals of Accounting 19th ed.).