Copyright is a legal protection for content creators that grants the exclusive right to publish, share, disseminate, perform, or modify their works. Copyright is an important protection that provides incentive to creators for the creation of new works that are fixed in a tangible form, such as the printed word or visual media.
When working at an academic institution or teaching a class, we all must be aware of copyright laws and how they apply to Carlow. A breach of copyright law can result in a lawsuit or a massive financial penalty for the University, so we all share a responsibility for maintaining copyright compliance. Below you will find more information on some exceptions to copyright law, or for using copyright protected material in an educational setting.
Google defines fair use as "the doctrine that brief excerpts of copyright material may, under certain circumstances, be quoted verbatim for purposes such as criticism, news reporting, teaching, and research, without the need for permission from or payment to the copyright holder." Fair use is part of copyright law. We may expect all instances in education to fall under fair use, but that is not always true.
When determining whether your use is fair use, please consider the four factors:
Through our subscriptions, the library has the right to share material that we own or subscribe to. It may not be legal for you to download a copy of a PDF and distribute it, but it is legal for you to link to the library content for other Carlow users to access that material themselves. Because it is better to be safe than sorry, we strongly encourage everyone at Carlow, including faculty, to share library materials using library links.
Here are the instructions to do that, and for embedding that content into a course site on Celtic Online.
When Link is clicked, a window appears with the permalink already highlighted and ready to be copied with the right click of the mouse.
When this link is selected from within your CelticOnline course site, the student will be directed to login through the off-campus access page with their Carlow Active Directory username and password. After logging in s/he will be taken directly to the resource. If the student is on campus, they will be taken directly to the article without having to login.
When material is part of the "public domain," the copyright holder no longer has exclusive rights to share and distribute that content, and those rights then belong to everyone. Material is usually copyright protected unless it is in the public domain. There are very specific circumstances for when a copyright protected material enters the public domain. In general, assume a material is copyright protected unless you have evidence to the contrary.
Creative Commons License - A license that allows for the sharing, disseminating, or modifying of copyright protected material, for commercial and/or nonprofit use.
Open Access License - A license that allows for scholarly research to be freely available online. Open Access licenses do not allow for the copying, disseminating, or modifying of copyright protected works beyond that which falls under fair use.
See the Grace Library Policy Manual for the Copyright Policy (page 9) and the Film Use Policy (page 10).